Как сделать pycharm красивым

Appearance

Use this page to change the overall look and feel of your IDE.

Select the UI theme from the list. By default, you can choose between a light, a dark, and a high-contrast theme. You can install other themes as plugins. For more information, see User interface themes.

Select this checkbox to let PyCharm detect the current system settings and use the default dark or light theme accordingly.

Use custom font

Specify custom font family and size to use in the PyCharm UI.

Accessibility

Support screen readers

Enable screen reader support for PyCharm. For more information, see Accessibility features.

Use contrast scrollbars

Make the editor scrollbar more visible.

Adjust colors for red-green vision deficiency

Adjust UI colors to better perceive colors in case of protanopia and deuteranopia.

UI Options

Show tree indent guides

Display vertical lines that mark indent levels in tree views, for example, in the Project tool window. These lines can help you better understand the hierarchy of the components in your project.

Use smaller indents in trees

Decrease the amount of space between the tool window border and the text in tree views, for example, in the Project tool window.

Enable mnemonics in menu

Underline hotkeys that you can press to execute a menu action

Enable mnemonics in controls

Underline hotkeys that you can press to use controls in dialogs

Scroll the UI smoothly, pixel-by-pixel, instead of line-by-line.

This also enables animated smooth scrolling for Windows and Linux by default. You can disable it to use precise scrolling instead: press Ctrl+Shift+A , find and open the Smooth Scroll Options dialog, and disable the Animated smooth scrolling checkbox.

In this dialog, you can also set the duration of the scroll animation and change the appearance of the animation based on https://cubic-bezier.com/#.17,.67,.83,.67.

Drag-and-drop with Alt pressed only

Avoid accidentally moving files, editor tabs, tool window buttons, and other UI components. When enabled, hold the Alt key to move things around.

By default, this option is disabled and you can move everything without any extra keys.

Always show full path in window header

Show the full path to the project and to the current file in the main window header. When disabled, the header will show only the name of the project and file.

Display icons in menu items

Show icons to the left of the items in the main menu and context menus.

Configure a custom background image for the IDE.

Antialiasing

Select which antialising mode you want to apply to the IDE (including menus, tool windows, and so on):

Subpixel : this option is recommended for LCD displays and takes advantage of the fact that each pixel on a color LCD is composed of red, green and blue sub-pixels. This allows smoothing text and rendering it with greater detail.

Greyscale : this option is recommended for non-LCD displays or displays positioned vertically. It deals with text at the pixel level.

No antialiasing : this option can be used for displays with high resolution, where non-antialiased fonts are rendered faster and may look better.

Select which antialiasing mode you want to apply to the editor:

Subpixel : this option is recommended for LCD displays and takes advantage of the fact that each pixel on a color LCD is composed of red, green and blue sub-pixels. This allows smoothing text and rendering it with greater detail.

Greyscale : this option is recommended for non-LCD displays or displays positioned vertically. It deals with text at the pixel level.

No antialiasing : this option can be used for displays with high resolution, where non-antialiased fonts are rendered faster and may look better.

Tool Windows

Show tool window bars

Show the tool window bars around the edges of the main window. For more information, see Tool window bars and buttons.

Show tool window numbers

Show tool window quick-access numbers on the tool window buttons.

You can hold the Alt key and press the corresponding number key to switch tool windows regardless of this setting: Alt+1 for the Project tool window, and so on.

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Mnemonics for tool windows show the corresponding key bindings only when the shortcut is configured to Alt+number , where number is an integer number in the range from 0 to 9. With a different shortcut, there will be no mnemonic for the tool window button.

Side-by-side layout on the left

Show the tool windows that are attached to the top and bottom edges on the left side in two columns. For more information, see Optimize for wide-screen monitors.

Side-by-side layout on the right

Show the tool windows that are attached to the top and bottom edges on the right side in two columns. For more information, see Optimize for wide-screen monitors.

Widescreen tool window layout

Optimize the layout of tool windows for wide-screen displays: maximize the height of vertical tool windows by limiting the width of horizontal tool windows. For more information, see Optimize for wide-screen monitors.

Presentation Mode

Select the font size for the presentation mode. After changing the font size, exit and enter the Presentation mode.

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Color Scheme

Use this section to select the color scheme for the PyCharm editor.

Select the color scheme to be used in your workspace.

Click this button to invoke the following commands (depending on the selected scheme):

Duplicate : click to save the currently selected Color settings as a new scheme. Press Enter to save the new scheme, or Escape to cancel operation.

Restore Defaults : click to reset the selected color scheme to the initial defaults shipped with PyCharm. Available if a predefined color scheme has been selected and changed.

Export : click to export the current scheme to a file. The possible options are: IntelliJ IDEA color scheme in a .icls file, or color scheme plugin jar .

If the former option is selected, one should specify the target file in the Target File dialog.

If the latter option is selected, then at first one should specify the plugin information in the Create Color Scheme Plug-in dialog, and next specify the target file.

Rename : click to rename the current scheme. This command is only available for copies or imported schemes, since the predefined schemes cannot be renamed.

Delete : click to delete the current scheme. This command is only available for copies or imported schemes, since the predefined schemes cannot be deleted.

Import Scheme : click to import a PyCharm color scheme (you can either import a file in an internal .icls format, or a jar created through the File | Manage IDE Settings | Export Settings menu), or an Eclipse color scheme in the XML format.

Next, one has to select one of the categories listed in the left-hand side (for example, Language Defaults , Python or Cucumber node) or PyCharm UI component (for example, Debugger or Diff&Merge ). In the right-hand side of the dialog (under the Scheme field), one should select an item of the respective language (for example, Keywords or Comments for the Language Defaults ) or UI component (for example, Breakpoint line for the Debugger, or Deleted lines in Diff&Merge ).

Change the selected item as required.

Read the Colors and fonts section for details.

In the Language Defaults node, there is the setting Language Defaults | Identifiers | Function call and for Python the two settings Function call and Method call that define the difference in highlighting these calls.

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Русские Блоги

Научите настраивать самый красивый интерфейс PyCharm, который должен иметь программист Python!

С появлением искусственного интеллекта / машинного обучения Python как «симпатичный язык» вновь привлек внимание большинства программистов. PyCharm от JetBrains, несомненно, является одной из лучших IDE для Python.

Я собрал очень полный набор информации и учебных пособий для Python, которые вы можете скачать, просто добавьте 943752371

Как говорится в пословице: «Работники хотят сделать все возможное, они должны сначала оттачивать свои инструменты», настройте свою IDE, чтобы она была привлекательной и красивой, это необходимый навык для каждого программиста Python.Эта статья научит вас, как настроить ваш PyCharm более красиво! Определенно более практичный, чем большинство онлайн-уроков!

PyCharm, инструмент разработки Python!

Первый шаг — перейти на темный фон, чтобы защитить зрение.

По умолчанию фон PyCharm — белый, что ослепительно. Лучше поменять на темный, и он чувствует себя круче.

Метод модификации: введите PyCharm, Файл ==> Внешний вид и поведение ==> Внешний вид, найдите тему справа и замените ее на Darcula

Второй шаг — изменить шрифт и изменить его на лучший.

Метод модификации: введите PyCharm, File ==> Editor ==> Colors & Fonts ===> Шрифт, схема справа может выбрать конфигурацию шрифта, Monokai рекомендуется здесь.НижеPrimary fontЭто определенный используемый шрифт, но он не может быть изменен напрямую. Нужно нажать в правом верхнем углуSava As. , Эквивалентно копированию копии текущей конфигурации шрифта, а затем изменению копии.

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щелчокSava As. После этого появится всплывающее окно для подтверждения имени новой конфигурации шрифта, по умолчанию используется копия Monokai, мы просто в порядке.

Скопируйте текущую конфигурацию шрифта

Шаг 3: Изменить размер шрифта и интервал

На основе второго шага мы выбираем шрифт и настраиваем размер шрифта и интервал. Это может быть установлено в соответствии с личными привычками. Мне нравятся большие точки, поэтому размер шрифта составляет 20, а расстояние составляет 1,1

Выберите размер шрифта и интервал

Шаг 4: отрегулируйте цвет

нота! Этот шаг очень важен! Другие онлайн-уроки, только первые три шага! Я думаю, что первые три шага не идеальны, почему?

Посмотрите на картинку ниже, это пример конкретного кода.

При такой конфигурации отдельный текст не может быть ясно виден!

Вы нашли проблему? Комментарии в коде Python серого цвета в этой теме, а ключевые параметры метода — фиолетового цвета. Эти два цвета не ясны на темном фоне! Хотя это не очень серьезно, поскольку его нужно изменить, постарайтесь сделать его как можно более совершенным!

Решение: Файл ==> Редактор ==> Цвета и Шрифты ===> PythonНайдите «Line Comment» на правой панели, вы можете изменить цвет переднего плана в крайнем правом столбце.

Во всплывающем окне выбора цвета вы можете выбрать цвет или напрямую ввести значение цвета. Здесь я выбрал ярко-зеленый.

Измените цвет аннотации, чтобы сделать его более очевидным

Аналогично, цвет параметров ключевых слов можно изменить, изменив цвет «аргумента ключевого слова».

Если у вас есть другие неудовлетворительные цветовые схемы, вы можете использовать этот метод для изменения.

Следующая картинка — финальный эффект, как насчет этого, это красиво? Поторопись!

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Configuring code style

If certain coding guidelines exist in a company, one has to follow these guidelines when creating source code. PyCharm helps you maintain the required code style.

The IDE comes with two pre-defined schemes: the Project scheme and the Default scheme.

In the Project scheme, the settings that you configure apply only to your current project.

These settings are stored in the codeStyles folder under .idea and are shared through VCS together with the project.

The IDE creates the folder after you modify code style settings for your project.

In the Default scheme (IDE-level scheme), the settings that you configure apply to all existing projects that have the Default code style scheme selected.

These settings are stored in the codestyles folder under the PyCharm configuration directory and are not shared through VCS.

If you want to use the project code style scheme as your default scheme, you can copy it to the IDE level. The other way around is also possible: you can overwrite your current project settings with the settings from an IDE-level scheme and share them with other members of your team.

There can be only one Project code style scheme. On the IDE level, you can have multiple schemes. Several projects can refer to the same IDE-level code style scheme.

Configure schemes

In PyCharm, code style settings are language-specific, so you need to configure them for every language that you use in your project separately. You can also copy the settings from one language and apply them to another language.

Configure code style for a language

Press Ctrl+Alt+S to open the IDE settings and select Editor | Code Style .

To configure a scheme for new projects , go to File | New Projects Setup | Settings/Preferences for New Projects | Editor | Code Style .

Select the language for which you want to configure the code style.

Select the code style Scheme that you want to configure: the Project scheme or one of the IDE-level schemes.

Click next to the Default scheme and select Duplicate to create a copy of the scheme.

Browse through the tabs and configure code style preferences.

Use the right-hand section of the dialog to preview the changes. When you change a setting, one or several blinking areas appear in the preview area emphasizing the changes.

Apply code style from another language

For most of the supported languages, you can copy code style settings from other languages or frameworks.

Press Ctrl+Alt+S to open the IDE settings and select Editor | Code Style .

To configure a scheme for new projects , go to File | New Projects Setup | Settings/Preferences for New Projects | Editor | Code Style .

Select the language for which you want to configure the code style.

Select the code style Scheme that you want to modify: the Project scheme or one of the IDE-level schemes.

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Click Set from in the upper-right corner.

The link is shown only if it’s possible to apply code style settings from another language.

From the list that appears, select the language to copy the code style from.

Only applicable settings are copied from another language, other settings are left intact.

Copy code style settings

Press Ctrl+Alt+S to open the IDE settings and select Editor | Code Style .

To configure a scheme for new projects , go to File | New Projects Setup | Settings/Preferences for New Projects | Editor | Code Style .

Select the code style Scheme that you want to copy: the Project scheme or one of the IDE-level schemes.

Click the icon and select one of the following options:

Copy to IDE (for the Project scheme): copy the selected scheme to the IDE level.

PyCharm saves the new code style with the specified name to the PyCharm home directory.

Copy to Project (for IDE-level schemes): overwrite your current project settings with the settings from the selected IDE-level profile.

Duplicate (for IDE-level schemes): create a copy of the selected IDE scheme on the same level.

In the Scheme field, type the name of the new scheme and press Enter to save the changes.

Import and export schemes

Import a scheme

Out of the box, PyCharm allows you to import settings in the IntelliJ IDEA code style XML format.

Press Ctrl+Alt+S to open the IDE settings and select Editor | Code Style .

Click and select Import Scheme .

In the dialog that opens, select the file with the settings and click Open .

Rename the scheme if necessary and select Current scheme to apply the settings from the scheme to your code.

Export a scheme

You can export both project-level and IDE-level schemes in the IntelliJ IDEA code style XML or EditorConfig format (if the EditorConfig plugin is enabled).

Press Ctrl+Alt+S to open the IDE settings and select Editor | Code Style .

Select the code style Scheme that you want to export: the Project scheme or one of the IDE-level schemes.

Click , select Export , select the necessary format, and select the directory to which you want to export your code style settings.

Manage code style on a directory level with EditorConfig

To use EditorConfig, make sure the EditorConfig plugin is enabled on the Settings/Preferences | Plugins page, tab Installed . See Managing plugins for details.

PyCharm allows you to manage all code style settings for each individual set of files with EditorConfig support (enabled by default in the Settings/Preferences dialog ( Ctrl+Alt+S )). All you need to do is place an .editorconfig file in the root directory containing the files whose code style you want to define. You can have as many .editorconfig files within a project as needed, so you can specify different styles for different modules.

All options from the .editorconfig file are applied to the directory where it resides as well as all of its sub-directories on top of the current project code style. If anything is not defined in .editorconfig , it’s taken from the project settings.

All options in the .editorconfig file are divided into the following categories:

Standard options such as indent_size , indent_style , and so on. These options do not have any domain specific prefixes.

Generic IntelliJ options that have the ij_ prefix and are applicable to all languages:

Common IntelliJ options supported by many (but not all) languages. They start with the ij_any prefix, for example, ij_any_brace_style .

IntelliJ language-specific options starting with the ij_ _ prefix where is the language domain ID (normally a low-case language name), for example, ij_java_blank_lines_after_imports .

The same options can be defined as a common option and a language-specific option, for example, ij_ _brace_style . Language-specific options have higher priority over common or generic options.

Add an .editorconfig file

In the Project view, right-click a source directory containing the files whose code style you want to define and choose New | EditorConfig from the context menu.

Select the properties that you want to define so that PyCharm creates stubs for them, or leave all checkboxes empty to add the required properties manually.

To preview how changes to your code style settings will impact the actual source files, click in the gutter of the .editorconfig file and select a source file affected by it. The preview will open on the right.

You can make changes in the preview pane to try and test how your configuration changes are reflected without worrying about making unwanted changes to the source code: all these changes are discarded when you close the .editorconfig file.

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